The interior of Monte de Peloño, this immense beech forest, it lodges a own vegetation, the one that allows the little light that they allow to happen the trees. The mosses and especially the lichens proliferate extraordinarily.
The forest is alive and intelligent because it constantly protects itself from the heat that does not suit it. The arrangement of the beech leaves, horizontally, means that only 2 percent of the radiation received by the cups reaches the ground.
The 200.000 beeches from the Peloño forest, in the municipality of Put, they dress in fashion: intense green during the spring and a sober brown color in the autumn-winter season. Their 15 square kilometers of clothing are protected (Partial Nature Reserve) and make it a unique space in Spain, a huge parasol that contains atmospheric humidity as in a few places. Its caduciform leaves allow it to change the general chromatism of this vast space and, at the same time, play an essential ecological value, as it protects the soil against erosion and nourishes it with organic essence.
Peloño forest ecosystem
In the beginning gloomy, like any beechwood that boasts, Peloño nevertheless transmits an enormous pleasure, clear and luminous to the senses of the human hiker. further allows the native fauna of the Principality to continue counting on its favorite habitat. Shade and litter are here the best bulwark of animal life. The beeches produce a very nutritious fruit, the beechnut, which ripens between the end of summer and the first dates of autumn. The beechnut is very desired by the brown bear, the capercaillie, the chickadees, the wood pigeon and various species of rodents. The eastern population of Cantabrian brown bear it situates in Peloño its western limit of distribution. Peloño is also the main nucleus of the population of capercaillie, conserving numerous cantaderos in use. At the same time, this beech is the house par excellence of the medium peak, extremely rare woodpecker. Here they also live, in the most limestone areas, important populations of chamois and wolves. Among the most significant species of game fauna are wild boar, roe deer and, to a lesser extent, deer.
The beech buds are infinite, they are everywhere, and live and feed on the dead leaves and a cemetery of logs lying and covered with moss. The trees that are already grandparents calmly witness this vital flow that does not stop, and in their contemplative eagerness they seem to have lost the sense of growth, that they are content with their height, and they dedicate themselves then to curl up on themselves, get fat, They carry knots and create sinister forms, in many cases authentic sculptures or totems of forest nature, always with centennial authority in the midst of new life.
In the Celtic horoscope the beech symbolizes elegant and practical people and is linked to the mother goddess and fertility. A fertility that you have imposed by natural decree in a total of 1.507 hectares, of which 1.455 belong to the towns of San Juan, Casielles, San Ignacio and Vago. Peloño likes beech trees, and on the basis of reproducing and creating a humid environment has completely colonized the mountain that gives it its name, forging it in its image and likeness and preventing other competing trees from developing in comfort. Only the oak woods they seem to resist in the vital limits of this great beech that, in the end, turns out to be a kind of great amphitheater crossed by a multitude of waterings and surrounded by high mountain ranges. The fayeu or beech forest that covers Mount Peloño is framed within the natural limits of a large circular depression which form El Rasu (1.617 m.) to the north, Pileñes (2.021 m.) to the south, Sen de los Mulos (1.056 m.) to the east and the Collau Zorro (1.845 m.) to the west. The hydrography is carried out by the water courses that form the Canal Canalita or Canalina, which flows into the Mojizo River, a tributary of the Sella. The forest, so well clothed and without problems of supply, has managed to become master and master of this geological slump and condition the high publicity of the sky that covers it, it even attracts the mists that the beech trees look for in their nostalgic existence.Text: © Ramón Molleda for desdeasturias.com
Information of interestTo get to Peloño, it is best to go to Cangas de Onís, once you have passed the bridge over the Sella River, we continue along the road from El Pontón N-625 to Santillán (Km. 75). On the right hand side, the AS-261 road takes us to San Juan de Beleño (Km 88), from here we take the PO - 1 road, there is a climb of about 3 Km to the Llomena pass (990 m. ) where we left the vehicle.
One of the possible routes: The North route. Collada Llomena- Collada Granceno - Pragría de Vegadona.
Estimated time between 4 or 5 hours. Elevation of a few 200 meters. From Collada de Llomena you have to take the road on the right that is the highest and goes along most of the route, passing through the Majada de Les Bedules (level 1.120 m.), When you reach the Pierva (Km 2.5 ) you have to follow the straight path without losing altitude passing through Llevancos, and arriving by the track that goes straight to Collada Granceno (1.195 m.), this whole area can be considered of the Peloño Mountain and we can follow this track to the Pradería de Vegadona distant about 8.5 Km. To get to the heart of the Peloño forest, we have to take as a main reference the south direction along the whole route of the track.