Monumental facades, ornamented gates, galleries, patios, balconies, dream covers, private chapels, exuberant gardens, large pillars, exquisite details, splendid handicrafts, laborious works of stonework, alfices, pilasters, recercados, bulky staircases, viewpoints, domes ... own elements of an eclectic and ostentatious architecture that, keeping the forms and the symmetry, they made fashionable those men and women who made the americas and who, unlike the so-called "alpargata Indians" who suffered the misfortune of emigration, managed to forge a great fortune in the new continent . Back home they practiced a competition not known until then in their humble rural environment: to capture in new homes all the wealth of which they showed, always try to make your home the most beautiful and striking.
In Colombres, Ribadedeva, the rich Indians radically transformed the small rural village into a modern villa, with a colorful and exotic architecture. The main urban referents of the town, which clustered around its elliptical square, such as the Town Hall, the Church of Baroque inspiration, or the Quinta de Guadalupe are due to American money.
In the large houses that dot this municipality we usually find a striking palm tree, a symbol of class that contributed to leave no doubt about the origin of so much money: America. And the towers, which from the medieval Asturian are a clear element of distinction, of noble memory, of power, were reused by the Indian to ennoble his recent social ascent. The desire to show luxury and wealth, made the facades filled with classic references, baroque, but also regional.
Route of Indian architecture
It is, in short, unique mansions and modernist mansions; an unprecedented mix in which prestigious architects were employed who knew how to find the balance between disparate elements and build real estate with their own name. The Indian architecture it is not traced from any other, it is a new entity that is worth discovering. In Ribadedeva, one of the councils with the best samples of these mansions, they have proposed to teach them through a route in which we will discover more than a dozen constructions Very representative and very beautiful. Being private houses are not open to the public, but it is known that in many cases they are conserved perfectly and allow us to have an exact idea of the decoration that was fashionable at that time. Wallpapers, silks, curtains, mirrors, furniture of noble woods, lamps and bronzes or important carpentry work.
To get an idea of how they were inside, in Colombres we can access the Quinta de Guadalupe, as well as in the town hall, or in the Casa de Piedra, nowadays Municipal Culture House and Library.
The patrimonial group of Colombres, one of the most interesting of all the phenomenon of the Architecture of Indianos, justified that in one of these mansions, La Quinta de Guadalupe, the Foundation was inaugurated in 1987 Archivo Indianos and Museum of Emigration, which works to preserve and expose the historical memory and the creations of the successive generations of emigrants, and which is a must. This villa, with a large interior patio and two floors of polychrome wooden arcades and Arab taste, was at the time the clearest symbol of the wealth and power of D. Iñigo Noriega. Its magnificent park is one of the best preserved gardens in Asturias, both in its design and in the exotic tree species it houses.
From Colombres there is an exit that goes to Bustio, below the church, and another to Villanueva, crossing the town. In the North, houses of houses of modern invoice but uniforms were built, which contrast with the opulence and individualism of the constructions of the Indians. And by the South, towards Villanueva, the houses are losing height, until being in constructions of a single plant and bleached, with a vague Andalusian aspect, in alive contrast with the colorful and variety of the Indian palaces.Text: © Ramón Molleda for desdeasturias.com
Information of interestWe indicate the most outstanding properties of this municipality in its Indian design.
1 Quinta de Guadalupe
2 Casona de Iñigo Noriega Mendoza
3 City Hall of Ribadedeva
4 Red House
5 Stone House and annex
6 Finca Las Raucas
7 House of the Lions
8 La Solana
9 Twin Houses by Florencio Noriega
10 El Cantu
11 Parish Church of Santa María
12 Quinta Buenavista
13 Villa Delfina (Bustio)
14 The Quinta de Villanueva (Villanueva)
15 La Palmera (Noriega)
Tourist Office of Ribadedeva
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