Projects carried out by the Foundation
Located on the western coast of South America, this beautiful Andean country is constituted by a Parliamentary Republic, whose capital is Lima. Its currency is the Nuevo Sol. It has an area of 1.285 million Km 2, which makes it the seventh largest country in Latin America and the nineteenth in the world. The natural diversity of Peru is extraordinary. The Andes cross the country from North to South forming a range of climates and an ecological diversity, ranging from a tropical Amazon forest, which occupies the 60% of the national territory, to large mountains with perpetual snow, like the Huascarán or the Ticlio, considered the highest railway point in the world. This climatic and ecological variety provides an extraordinary development of a unique flora and fauna, which are among the most diverse in the world. No less important is the constitution of a huge base of natural resources, among which agriculture, fishing and mining stand out.
The human heritage of Peru is based on its extraordinary cultural diversity, generated throughout history by the different cultures that have populated it, from the Incas to the Spanish conquerors, through the mystery of the native communities of its Amazon rainforest. The most obvious example of this human flow is its linguistic diversity. Currently, besides Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are official languages, without forgetting the dozens of linguistic groups that cross the basin of the Lower Urubamba in the Peruvian Amazon constituting a cultural and historical value, unique in the whole world.
In recent years, Peru has suffered an increase in population, from 10 million inhabitants in 1960, to about 25 million in the 2000 year. This fact, together with the displaced caused by terrorism and the excesses committed during the fight against terrorism, has meant an increase in the population in urban centers, which has resulted in overcrowding and terrible living conditions around large cities as Lime.
During the 1996-2000 period, according to the Human Development Report prepared by the UN Development Program, Peru was placed in the 72 position, consolidating in a place of medium development. The same report published in the year 2003 presents Peru in the 82 position, with a life expectancy of 69,4 years, a literacy rate of 90,2% and a per capita income of 4570 U $ D, which continues to place Peru in This medium development framework, although we note that there have been no significant advances.
Today Peru is in a moment of political transition. After the flight of Fujimori and the rise to power of Alejandro Toledo, the progressive disappearance of the Shining Path and efforts to achieve national reconciliation, a favorable climate has been created to initiate reforms that have not just arrived. In the field of education, the priority action framework of the Carlos Laborde Foundation (FUNCAL), Peru has reached one of the highest school enrollment rates in Latin America. 20 thousand schools have been built and the illiteracy rate has been reduced to 10%.
Although the data seems positive, the reality in the field remains very different. Human, technical and financial resources are still scarce and do not cover the basic needs of the inhabitants of Peru. This tells us that there is still an important and difficult work to be done.