Anchors are basic instruments for sailing. Without them it would not be possible to anchor in the middle of the sea to take a break. But many of these anchors are real treasures because they are difficult to find for those marine archaeologists at the sea bottoms.
There are historical and modern anchors, some of them bright and other some have grown old and have also been colonized by many types of molluscs. There are simple anchors just for using at harbors and there are also special anchors for beating hurricanes.
The anchor is the main symbol for identifying the sea world. All the navies around the world include this symbol on their uniforms and badges. This is also present on the decorations of dishes and even on the traditional welcoming doormat of ships. In more than one occasion anchors have kept ships and crew safe from any possible danger at sea.
Surprisingly, among all the instruments in a ship, the anchor is probably the most simple and the element that has not been developed throughout the history of shipping. From the ancient world up to the end of the 19th century the anchor of the kind of Admiralty has been the most used in big vessels.
We already know two of its basic features: it is great and simple. In order to know more about anchors we can visit the Anchor Museum of Salinas, in Castrillón. This museum is a historical whole that receives its name from one of the most famous biologists who loved much the marine culture: Philippe Cousteau.
One of the most valuable tools shown here is an anchor which belonged or the Spanish galleon called Our Lady of Atocha. This boat sank on the coast of Florida in 1628 when it was on its return to Spain. It was loaded with important treasures taken from Lima and Potosí.
All the anchors that appear in Salinas have their own history. It is important to mention that this museum is located in a unique place close to sea where is possible to dream of those ancient boats and battles at sea. This museum is in the peninsula of La Peñona which emerges from one of the sides of the beach of Salinas. Here we can enjoy some permanent expositions, such as the deck of sails and anchors: it is a 90 meter long area with 6 sails steel made. From the sails hang the chains of those anchors which stay over this deck.
A bust of Philippe Cousteau is carved on a rock where the sea beats. This rock is called Peña Lisa and it is made of bronze. It is a symbol for a whole life devoted to the sea world and whose scientific research has been widely proved around the world.
A great mural made of pottery of big dimensions is the first stage of this museum. It is a square which is the main access to this museum.
The Oceans temple just in the middle of the deck of sails and anchors the compass stands up and, on it some kind of recipient or shell is inserted in which all the waters of different oceans are flown.
A hanging bridge allows you to get to the view point of this museum. From here we have a wonderful view of Salinas and its surroundings. Now we only have to enjoy this unique experience and be heading for the horizon.Text: © Ramón Molleda for desdeasturias.com
Information of interestDirection:
Contact telephone: 985 53 00 50 (Council of Castrillón)